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"The weakest of all weak things is a virtue that has not been tested in the fire."

- Mark Twain

Traditional Art Modern Thinking

Self Defence with a modern twist

Progressive Wing Chun Milton Keynes - Glossary of Wing Chun Terms

Wing Chun Terminology used by Progressive Wing Chun Milton Keynes

Terminology is something that students worry about. Here at Progressive Wing Chun Milton Keynes we do not grade our students on their ability to remember the correct Wing Chun terminology as long as they are able to demonstrate their understanding. We find that our students will pick up this detail over time.

Definitions in Chinese & roughly translated to English

The blocks are named after the position(s) that they represent.

Sil Lim Tau (1st Form) - Little Idea Form - First Form in the Wing Chun System - Read More
Chum Kiu (2nd Form) - Arm/Bridge Seeking Form - Second Form in the Wing Chun System - Read More
Biu Gee (3rd Form) - Thrusting Fingers Form - Third Form in the Wing Chun System - Read More
Muk Yan Chong - Wooden Man or Wooden Dummy Form - Fourth Form in the Wing Chun System - Read More
Luk Dim Boon Kwun - 6.5 Point Pole / Dragon Pole Form - Read More
Bart Cham Dao - Eight Slashing Butterfly Swords Form - Read More
Ng Mui - The Buddhist Sil Lim nun who founded Wing Chun
Ip Man - The late grandmaster of Wing Chun who taught publicly which spread the system
Ip Chun - The eldest son of the late Grandmaster Ip Man
Ip Ching - The youngest son of the late Grandmaster Ip Man

Wing Chun Basic Terms

Bok - Shoulder
Chuie - Blow or Punch
Da - Strike
Dai - Low or low level attack / defence
Dao - Knife
Gerk
- Leg or Foot
Jarn - Elbow
Jueng - Palm
Jung Sin - Centre Line - the area where direct your attacks and the area that you remain in control of and defend.
Kuen - Fist
Ma - Stance
Noi Moon - Inner Gate - the space between your arms
Oi Moon - Outer Gate - the space on the outside of either of your shoulders
Sau - Hand or Arm
Sut - Knee


Sigung    
- Masters, Master (your instructors, instructor)
Sifu - Your Instructor (can be either male or female)
Sihing
- Senior Male Classmate
Sije
- Senior Female Classmate
Sidai
- Junior Male Classmate
Simui
- Junior Female Classmate

Wing Chun Blocks/Deflections

Bong Sau - Wing Arm - contacting on the little finger side of the wrist - Read More
Biu Sau - Thrusting Hand/Fingers - contacting on the little finger side of the wrist - Read More
Dai Bong Sau - Low Wing Arm - contacting on the little finger side of the wrist
Chune Sau - Through Hand - applied to change contact points on the bridge
Fak Sau - Whisking Hand/Arm - contacting with the little finger side of the wrist - Read More
Fan Sau - Returning Hand - retuning the hand back in to a guard position
Fook Sau - Subduing Hand/Arm - contacting with the thumb side of the forearm - Read More
Fut Sau - Flicking Hand/Fingers - contacting with the little finger side of the forearm - Read More
Got Sau - Cutting hand (Sickle) - using a tug of the hand with the body to control the bridge
Gum Sau - Pressing/Pinning Hand - block/strike with the elbow turned outward - Read More
Guan Sau - Splitting Hand/Arm - a low sweeping block - Read More
Huen Sau - Circling Hand/Arm - contacting with the wrist - Read More
Jip Sau - Arm breaking technique
- "controlling the bridge" Jut Sau and Tok Sau
Jum Sau - Sinking Hand/Arm/Elbow - contacting with the little finger side of the forearm - Read More
Jut Sau - Jerking Hand/Arm - use of short range power to strike - Read More
Kau Sau - Sickle Hand - use of the hand to control the bridge of an opponent
Kwan Sau - Rotating Arms - Using rotation of the arms to free up position - Read More
Lan Sau - Bar/Obstruction Arm - contacting with forearm and sometimes palm - Read More
Lap Sau - Grabbing/Controlling Arm - grabbing hand control
Mun Sau - Inquisitive/Asking Hand - Front guard hand - Read More
Man Geng Sau - Neck Pulling Hand/Arm - Neck pulling hand from sections 1 & 2 of the Dummy
Pak Sau - Slapping Hand/Arm - catching/controlling with the palm - Read More
Tan Sau - Palm up or Open/Spread - Hand - contacting on the thumb side of the wrist - Read More
Tok Sau - Lifting Palm - lifting with the palm block - Read More
Tuet Sau - Freeing hand - the freeing hand at the end of Sil Lim Tao
Wu Sau - Guard/Protective Hand - Rear Guard Hand - Read More

Chi Sau

Chi Sau - Double Sticky Hands Exercise
Chi Gerk - Sticky Legs
Dan Chi Sau - Single Sticky Hand Exercise
Poon Sau - Regular Rolling Sticky Hand Motion
Luk Sau - Rolling Sticky Hands with Forwarding Energy
Gor Sau - Free hand techniques within Chi Sau also referred to as Biu Ma to Biu Ma

Wing Chun Closed Fist Strikes

Chuen Chuie - Inch Punch - delivered at very short range with (internal strike)
Chung Chuie - Thrusting Punch - delivered with maximum power from the rear hand
Fung An Chuie - Phoenix Eye Punch - delivered with the index finger bent into a point
Jik Chung Chuie - Straight Punch - basic straight punch
Lin Wan Kuen - Chain Punching - A chain of punches which don't have to be the same

Wing Chun Open Palm Methods

Jing Jeung - Front vertical palm
Dai Jeung - Low side palm
Pau Jeung - Downward vertical palm strike
Chan Jeung - Knife edge palm strike to upper body or head with palm up
Wang Jeung - Side of palm strike to upper body or head with palm down

Wing Chun Elbow Strikes

Gwai Jarn - Diagonal downward elbow
Kup Jarn - Downward elbow delivered whilst rotating the body
Pai Jarn - Horizontal inward elbow
Wang Jarn
- Outward horizontal elbow or rear Pai Jarn
Sau Jarn - Rear elbow strike or retracting elbow
Tai Jarn
- Rising Elbow (also known as Hay Jarn)

Wing Chun Kicks

Chai Gerk - Stepping Kick/Crescent Kick
Chou Gerk - Snapping front kick
Wang Gerk - Horizontal Kick/Side Kick

Wing Chun Foot Work

Yee Chi Kim Yeung Ma - Basic Wing Chun Stance - the mother of all stances
Biu Ma - Thrusting Step
Huen Ma - Circling Step
Sam Gwok Ma - Triangle Step
Yiu Ma - Basic Turning Stance

Wing Chun Simultaneous Movements

Guan Da - simultaneous low sweeping block and striking with the other hand (Inner/Outer Gate)
Gum Da - simultaneous pinning arm and Striking with the other hand (Outer Gate)
Huen Da - simultaneous circling with one hand and striking with the other hand (Outer Gate)
Lap Da - simultaneous controlling and striking with the other hand (Outer Gate)
Pak Da - simultaneous pushing palm block and striking with the other hand (Outer Gate)
Tan Da - simultaneous Palm up Block and striking with the other hand (Inner/Outer Gate)

Other Terms

Dan Tien - the centre of energy in the body located about two inches below the navel
Fa Ging - Releasing power
Gong Lik - Internal Energy
Gong Lik - Internal Energy
Gee - Fingers
Yin & Yang - Soft & Hard, Male & Female, Positive & Negative

Bong - Wing
Biu - To thrust or shoot
Fak - To whisk
Fan - To return
Fook - To subdue
Fut - To flick around
Gum - To press or pin
Guan - To split
Huen - To circle
Jip - To jerk and lift simultaneously
Jum - To sink
Jut - To jerk
Kau - To hook
Lan - To obstruct or bar
Lap - To grab, control
Man - To ask or be inquisitive
Pak - To parry
Tan - To spread or open
Tok - To lift
Tuet - To free
Wu - Guard

© Progressive Wing Chun Milton Keynes 2017